Metrodora: Ancient Greek Physician and Rebel

Metrodora was an ancient Greek physician, possibly of Egyptian origin, that practiced medicine and wrote the oldest known medical text by a woman named “On the Diseases and Cures of Women”. She lived sometime between 200-400 CE and her focus lied in female medicine, not so surprising perhaps, since in ancient Greece women and slaves were not allowed to practice medicine as it was considered a science gifted by the gods. Midwifes however, were common and women did assist with childbirth and some aspects of gynecology. Metrodora was unique in that she covered all areas of medicine related to women in her texts and practices, and she did this in a time when this wasn’t really allowed.

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